Home > Autism Spectrum

Autism Spectrum

about autism_what is autism

Many people with Autism also have other conditions or disabilities. This shows how important it it is to look at every individual on the Autism Spectrum as just that – an individual, with distinct needs, strengths and challenges. When a person has Autism and another condition it is vital that the challenges of both conditions are explored and addressed. It is also important to remember that if a person has Autism, the manner in which the other condition is explored and address may need to be adjusted so that it is suitable for someone with Autism. It is also important that the characteristics associated with Autism are explored in an autism context, not just as an “add-on” to another clinical need.

Below we will provide a short introduction to some conditions which commonly co-occur with Autism and point you to advocacy organisations with specific expertise in these areas.

There is a high occurrence of those with Autism who will also be diagnosed with another developmental condition such as dyslexia, dyspraxia and ADHD. There is also significant cross-over in terms of clinical needs and characteristics between the 4 conditions.

According to the Dyslexia Association of Ireland, Dyslexia is  “a specific learning difficulty affecting the acquisition of fluent and accurate reading and spelling skills. This occurs despite access to appropriate learning opportunities. Dyslexia is characterised by cognitive difficulties in (1) phonological processing, (2) working memory, and (3) speed of retrieval of information from long term memory. Dyslexic difficulties occur on a continuum from mild to severe and affect approximately 10% of the population. People with dyslexia may experience greater stress and frustration as they endeavour to learn, resulting in heightened anxiety, particularly in relation to literacy acquisition. People with dyslexia may also have accompanying learning strengths.”

To find out more about Dyslexia, visit the Dyslexia Association of Ireland website here.

According to the Dypraxia Association of Ireland, Dyspraxia or Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a common disorder affecting fine and/or gross motor coordination in children and adults. It is a chronic neurological disorder beginning in childhood that can affect planning of movements and co-ordination as a result of brain messages not being accurately transmitted to the body

To find out more visit the Dyspraxia Association of Ireland’s website here.

According to Epilepsy Ireland,  the word ‘epilepsy’ is derived from the Greek word meaning ‘to be seized, to be overwhelmed by surprise’. To have epilepsy is to have a tendency to have recurring seizures. Anyone can have a seizure, if the brain is exposed to a strong enough stimulus. We know that about 1 in every 20 people will have a single seizure at some time during their lives. Official figures received by Epilepsy Ireland support its estimation that there are over 37,000 people with epilepsy in Ireland.

People with Autism, and other developmental conditions, are significantly more likely to have epilepsy than the neurotypical population. It can also be difficult, at times, to separate seizures from autistic characteristics such as staring into space, stimming, repetitive behaviours, poor responsiveness or self-injurious behaviour. This can be especially true of people with Autism who have intellectual disabilities or communication difficulties.

To find out more about Epilepsy visit the Epilepsy Ireland website here.

Intellectual/Learning Disabilities

Between 30-40% of people with Autism also have an intellectual or learning disability. It is important that both needs are addressed and explored fully to ensure the person is able to reach their own personal potential. It is also important that the person’s education, workplace and community is accessible and accommodating to them as an individual, bearing in mind the additional needs from both diagnoses.

To find out more about Intellectual Disabilities visit Inclusion Ireland’s website here.

According to Down Syndrome Ireland, Down syndrome is a chromosomal anomaly caused by an error in cell division that results in the presence of an additional third chromosome 21 or “trisomy 21.” This extra genetic material results in the physical and learning characteristics associated with Down syndrome. Down syndrome is one of the most common known causes of intellectual disability.

Down Syndrome is a lifelong condition but with the right support, those with the condition can be supported to live happy and independent lives.

To find out more about Down Syndrome visit Down Syndrome Ireland’s website here.

Can this be improved? Contact webeditor@asiam.ie if you have any suggestions for this article.
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE

A Family Member

Parents and family members of those autistic people are the unsung heroes of the autism community. [...]

A Professional

At AsIAm, we passionately believe that it must be a team effort to ensure an autistic person reaches[...]

About Autism

Autism is a complex, invisible condition which a person is born with. Autism is a developmental cond[...]

AsIAm Autism Friendly University Logo

About the Award and How to Apply

Why should third level Institutions become Autism Friendly? Across third level education, both in I[...]

about_us

About Us

Our Organisation AsIAm.ie aims to provide a one-stop-shop for the Autism community in Ireland. From[...]

AsIAm Autism Friendly University Logo

AsIAm Autism-Friendly University Award

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-eHXki-EcJw&t=53s Dublin City University (DCU) has become th[...]

AsIAm School Workshop Booking Form

[gravityform id="17" title="true" description="true"][...]

AsIAm School Workshops

Education is central to AsIAm's work. We aim to educate professionals who work with children and [...]

AUTISM ACCREDITATION CONTACT FORM

[gravityform id=5 ajax=true][...]

Autism ID Card - Terms & Conditions

Terms & Conditions   These terms and conditions are subject to change. You will be notified of[...]

Autism ID Card Application Form

AsIAm, Ireland’s National Autism Charity, is pleased to announce that we are now issuing Autism ID c[...]

Become a Secondary School Speaker

We are passionate about bringing awareness of Autism to Secondary Schools right across Ireland. [...]

Benefits and Entitlements

We outlined the Benefits and Entitlements for families with children with Autism in the Parents and [...]

Book A Speaker

PLEASE NOTE: this form is for booking AsIAm speakers for general events around autism awareness acro[...]

advice_careers advice and employment support_autism

Careers Advice & Employment Support

In this section, you'll find advice and information about searching for work, what supports are typi[...]

autism-common traits_AsIAm Ireland's National Autism Charity

Common Traits

Autism affects millions of people across the world in a countless number of ways. It's not as simple[...]

Contact Us

Contact US AsIAm are delighted to hear from members of the autism community and the wider societ[...]

Cookies Policy

About our Cookies Policy This cookie policy explains what cookies are and how we use them on our we[...]

DCU Autism Friendly Measures

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=78H8juwWDFM&fbclid=IwAR0w3Z8sCAN5DWVMJmVQXmpV3moEVU1pPyhARP82JoS[...]

looking_for_work

Disclosing Your Diagnosis at Work

This is a question that nearly all of us on the spectrum will have asked ourselves at some point in [...]

Donation - Terms & Conditions

Users making donations by debit card or credit card hereby agree and assure AsIAm that: all deb[...]

Dynamic Sidebar with Elementro builder

Page Title I am text block. Click edit button to change this text. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, c[...]

Essays & Exams

Essays and exams - no one likes them, most people find them difficult and few of us show our true ta[...]

Get Involved

I am text block. Click edit button to change this text. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adip[...]

Home

[smartslider3 slider=2] I am... AUTISTIC A FAMILY MEMBER A PROFESSIONAL Fin[...]

Manage my data

[gravityform id=8 ajax=true][...]

National Autism Conference 2019

AsIAm is delighted to announce our annual National Autism Conference taking place in The Grand Hotel[...]

early-years-training

Online Training Module: Teach Me As I Am Early Years Programme

Click here to access the Teach Me As I Am Early Years Training Programme.[...]

Our Complaints Procedure

AsIAm takes all feedback seriously, especially complaints. If you have a comment about any aspect of[...]

our_work

Our Work

AsIAm undertakes a range of programmes and campaigns which work towards our goal of bringing about a[...]

Primary and Secondary Schools Pack, April 2019

Primary and Secondary Schools Pack, April 2019 This is AsIAm's Primary and Secondary Schools Pa[...]

Privacy Policy

AsIAm respects your privacy rights and complies with our obligations under the General Data Protecti[...]

School Speakers Terms & Conditions

In keeping with our policies on Child and Vulnerable Adults Protection and our contract with our Vol[...]

Site Map

[wp-realtime-sitemap] Top Navigation About Us Our Mission Our Organisation [...]

Terms & Conditions of Use

By using AsIAm.ie, you agree to be bound by the following Terms and Conditions, which take effect im[...]

Terms and Conditions

By using AsIAm.ie, you agree to be bound by the following Terms and Conditions, which take effect im[...]

Workshop Application form

Asiam secondary school workshop Application Form [gravityform id=2 ajax=false][...]

Your Loved One and the Autism "Label"

A big challenge for many parents and family members is coping with their perception of the "label" o[...]

Was this article helpful?
Top